This series was sparked by a visit to a small shoemaking factory in Warren, R.I. The heavy, oily, cast-iron machines standing like totems around the perimeter of the room fascinated me. I investigated the machines in dozens of studies in charcoal, oil pastel, crayon, collage and acrylic. Some are arranged as triptychs. Others machines I approached as icons or portraits. Medieval religious paintings influenced the composition and color.